中文
  7~12 c
Water Landscape

Lakes and Marshes

Lake Landscape

West Queen Jade Pool

West Queen Jade Pool was formerly known as the Black Sea, 250km from Golmud City, and 4,300 m above sea level. It extends for about 12,000 m from east to west, and about 5,000 m from north to south. It has a maximum depth of 107m and an area of 38.74 km2. It is a natural lake on the plateau. It is a structural fault-depressed lake. The lake is mainly supplied by melting ice through underground runoff. The sediment in the water is low, which makes the lake clear with high transparency as the source of the Kunlun River. On the west bank of the upstream, the shoreline of the ancient lake can be seen. On the west and south banks of the lake, a large area of surface lacustrine deposits can be found, indicating that the lake is gradually shrinking.

West Queen Jade Pool

 

Marsh Wetland Landscape

Marsh in Wild Yak Valley

Marsh in Wild Yak Valley is distributed over the flood plain on both banks of the modern riverbed in Wild Yak Valley and is intermittently exposed along the riverbanks. The area is approximately 3km2. The marsh is composed of dark gray, gray-black humus, silty sand and clay. There is a thin layer of salt-alkaline hard shell on the surface. It is also an island-like permafrost distribution area. The marsh is symbiotic with the frozen soil. Certain parts of permafrost melt on the river bank. The unfrozen rock and soil under the action of gravity will slide along the melting interface to form a frozen slump collapse. Groundwater is gathered largely around the marsh grass roots. Because the groundwater is obstructed by the frozen ground and the permafrost below, it freezes and swells in the weak zone, and the surface grass hill rises and bulges, forming the Frost Heaving Grass Mound. The formation of Frost Heaving Grass Mound marks the permafrost in the area. Marsh in Wild Yak Valley is known as the most beautiful spot in Mount Kunlun thanks to the good natural environment.

Marsh in Wild Yak Valley

 

River Landscape

Scenic Reach

Braided River in Wild Yak Valley

The Braided River is generally developed on the slope plains of the mountains and sections with small flow and large widths. The multi-channels, multiple bifurcations and convergences form a braided shape. The Braided River in Wild Yak Valley is wide and shallow, with a maximum width of 570m, a small curvature, a large slope, a unfixed channel and a constant river migration. It is thus also known as the Wandering River. It is a typical braided river for it meanders like braids. The shoals in the river have formed a variety of small islands with different shades of color, and endowed the entire section with vigor.

Braided River in Wild Yak Valley  

 

The Kunlun River

The Kunlun River originates from West Queen Jade Pool (Black Sea). It passes Wild Yak Valley and above Naij Tal. It covers an area of 5,973 cubic kilometers, and has a length of 130km; the average annual flow in years is 12.308m3/s. The maximum average monthly flow is seen in August – 47.8m3/s. The minimum average monthly flow occurs in January, which is 7.92m3/s. Golmud regards the river as a boundary line. The city was built by generals and developed into the second largest in Qinghai Province, and thousands of troops gathered together thanks to the river. Obviously, the Kunlun River symbolizes life in Golmud.

The Kunlun River under moon

 

Spring Landscape

Cold Spring Landscape

Kunlun Holy Spring

Kunlun Holy Spring, also known as Naij Tal Spring, is located on the north bank of the Kunlun River along the Qinghai-Tibet Highway. The spring comes from meltwater 4,000m above sea level. After a long period of underground runoff, it was blocked by an east-west pressure-torsional fault at the north bank of Kunlun River and then rose up. The groundwater circulation cycle is long and the water is pretty clear. Although the spring is 3,540m above sea level, it is not frozen in four seasons. The spring has a large and stable quantity, which could reach 224.7L/s, with the mineralization degree less than 0.5g/L. It contains the microelements which are beneficial to human body, and is praised as "sweet dew in ice mountain".

Kunlun Holy Spring

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